technology, HX711 is a precision 24-bit analog- to-digital converter (ADC) designed for weigh scales and industrial control applications to interface directly with

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HX711 TEL: (592) 252-9530 (P. R. China) AVIA SEMICONDUCTOR EMAIL: 24-Bit Analog-to-Digital Converter (ADC) for Weigh Scales DESCRIPTION Based on Avia Semiconductor™s patented technology, HX711 is a precision 24-bit analog- to-digital converter (ADC) designed for weigh scales and industrial control applications to interface directly with a bridge sensor. The input multiplexer selects either Channel A or B differential input to the low-noise programmable gain amplifier (PGA). Channel A can be programmed with a gain of 128 or 64, corresponding to a full-scale differential input voltage of ±20mV or ±40mV respectively, when a 5V supply is connected to AVDD analog power supply pin. Channel B has a fixed gain of 32. On- chip power supply regulator eliminates the need for an external supply regulator to provide analog power for the ADC and the sensor. Clock input is flexible. It can be from an external clock source, a crystal, or the on-chip oscillator that does not require any external component. On-chip power- on-reset circuitry simplifies digital interface initialization. There is no programming needed for the internal registers. All controls to the HX711 are through the pins. FEATURES Ł Two selectable differential input channels Ł On-chip active low noise PGA with selectable gain of 32, 64 and 128 Ł On-chip power supply regulator for load-cell and ADC analog power supply Ł On-chip oscillator requiring no external component with optional external crystal Ł On-chip power-on-reset Ł Simple digital control and serial interface: pin-driven controls, no programming needed Ł Selectable 10SPS or 80SPS output data rate Ł Simultaneous 50 and 60Hz supply rejection Ł Current consumption including on-chip analog power supply regulator: normal operation < 1.5mA, power down < 1uA Ł Operation supply voltage range: 2.6 ~ 5.5V Ł Operation temperature range: -40 ~ +85 Ł 16 pin SOP-16 package APPLICATIONS Ł Weigh Scales Ł Industrial Process Control 2.7~5.5V VBG PGA Gain = 32, 64, 128 24-bit ADC Input MUX Digital Interface Analog Supply Regulator Internal Oscillator BandgapReference HX711 XIXO DOUT PD_SCK RATE BASEVSUPDVDD INB- INB+ INA- INA+ To/From MCU AVDDAGND Load cell Fig. 1 Typical weigh scale application block diagram VFB R2R10.1uF 10uF S8550 VAVDDVSUP PAGE - 2 ============ HX711 AVIA SEMICONDUCTOR 2Pin Description SOP-16L Package VSUP Analog Ground BASEAnalog Power AVDD Ch. A Negative Input VFB Ch. A Positive Input AGND Regulator Power VBG Regulator Control Output INNA INPA Output Data Rate Control Input Crystal I/O and External Clock Input DVDD RATE XI XODOUT PD_SCK INPBINNB12 345 6 7 81615 14131211109Regulator Control Input Reference Bypass Ch. B Negative Input Ch. B Positive Input Serial Data Output Power Down and Serial Clock Input Digital Power Crystal I/O Pin # Name Function Description 1 VSUP Power Regulator supply: 2.7 ~ 5.5V 2 BASE Analog Output Regulator control output NC when not used 3 AVDD Power Analog supply: 2.6 ~ 5.5V 4 VFB Analog Input Regulator control input connect to AGND when not used 5 AGND Ground Analog Ground 6 VBG Analog Output Reference bypass output 7 INA- Analog Input Channel A negative input 8 INA+ Analog Input Channel A positive input 9 INB- Analog Input Channel B negative input 10 INB+ Analog Input Channel B positive input 11 PD_SCK Digital Input Power down control (high active) and serial clock input 12 DOUT Digital Output Serial data output 13 XO Digital I/O Crystal I/O (NC when not used 14 XI Digital Input Crystal I/O or external clock input, 0: use on-chip oscillator 15 RATE Digital Input Output data rate control, 0: 10Hz; 1: 80Hz 16 DVDD Power Digital supply: 2.6 ~ 5.5V Table 1 Pin Description PAGE - 3 ============ HX711 AVIA SEMICONDUCTOR 3KEY ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS Parameter Notes MINTYPMAXUNIT Full scale differential input range V(inp)-V(inn) 0.5(AVDD/GAIN) V Common mode input AGND+1.2 AVDD-1.3 V Internal Oscillator, RATE = 0 10 Hz Internal Oscillator, RATE = DVDD 80 Crystal or external clock, RATE = 0 fclk /1,105,920 Output data rate Crystal or external clock, RATE = DVDD fclk/138,240 Output data coding 2™s complement 800000 7FFFFF HEX RATE = 0 400 ms Output settling time (1) RATE = DVDD 50 Gain = 128 0.2 mV Input offset drift Gain = 64 0.4 Gain = 128 RATE = 0 50 nV(rms) Input noise Gain = 128 RATE = DVDD 90 Input offset Gain = 128 ±6 nV/Temperature drift GainGain = 128 ±5 ppm/ Input common mode rejection Gain = 128 RATE = 0 100 dB Power supply rejection Gain = 128 RATE = 0 100 dB Reference bypass VBG 1.25 V Crystal or external clock frequency 1 11.0592 20 MHz DVDD 2.6 5.5 V Power supply voltage AVDD VSUP 2.6 5.5 Normal 1400 AAnalog supply current (including regulator) Power down 0.3 Normal 100 ADigital supply current Power down 0.2 1Settling time refers to the time from power up, reset, input channel change and gain change to valid stable output data. Table 2 Key Electrical Characteristics PAGE - 4 ============ HX711 AVIA SEMICONDUCTOR 4Analog Inputs Channel A differential input is designed to interface directly with a bridge sensor™s differential output. It can be programmed with a gain of 128 or 64. The large gains are needed to accommodate the small output signal from the sensor. When 5V supply is used at the AVDD pin, these gains correspond to a full-scale differential input voltage of ±20mV or ±40mV respectively. Channel B differential input has a fixed gain of 32. The full-scale input voltage range is ±80mV, when 5V supply is used at the AVDD pin. Power Supply Options Digital power supply (DVDD) should be the same power supply as the MCU power supply. When using internal analog supply regulator, the dropout voltage of the regulator depends on the external transistor used. The output voltage is equal to V AVDD =VBG*(R1+R2)/ R1 (Fig. 1). This voltage should be designed with a minimum of 100mV below VSUP voltage. If the on-chip analog supply regulator is not used, the VSUP pin should be connected to either AVDD or DVDD, depending on which voltage is higher. Pin VFB should be connected to Ground and pin BASE becomes NC. The external 0.1uF bypass capacitor shown on Fig. 1 at the VBG output pin is then not needed. Clock Source Options By connecting pin XI to Ground, the on-chip oscillator is activated. The nominal output data rate when using the internal oscillator is 10 (RATE=0) or 80SPS (RATE=1). If accurate output data rate is needed, crystal or external reference clock can be used. A crystal can be directly connected across XI and XO pins. An external clock can be connected to XI pin, through a 20pF ac coupled capacitor. This external clock is not required to be a square wave. It can come directly from the crystal output pin of the MCU chip, with amplitude as low as 150 mV. When using a crystal or an external clock, the internal oscillator is automatically powered down. Output Data Ra te and Format When using the on-chip oscillator, output data rate is typically 10 (RATE=0) or 80SPS (RATE=1). When using external clock or crystal, output data rate is directly proportional to the clock or crystal frequency. Using 11.0592MHz clock or crystal results in an accurate 10 (RTE=0) or 80SPS (RATE=1) output data rate. The output 24 bits of data is in 2™s complement format. When input differential signal goes out of the 24 bit range, the output data will be saturated at 800000h (MIN) or 7FFFFFh (MAX), until the input signal comes back to the input range. Serial Interface Pin PD_SCK and DOUT are used for data retrieval, input selection, gain selection and power down controls. When output data is not ready for retrieval, digital output pin DOUT is high. Serial clock input PD_SCK should be low. When DOUT goes to low, it indicates data is ready for retrieval. By applying 25~27 positive clock pulses at the PD_SCK pin, data is shifted out from the DOUT output pin. Each PD_SCK pulse shifts out one bit, starting with the MSB bit first, until all 24 bits are shifted out. The 25 th pulse at PD_SCK input will pull DOUT pin back to high (Fig.2). Input and gain selection is controlled by the number of the input PD_SCK pulses (Table 3). PD_SCK clock pulses should not be less than 25 or more than 27 within one conversion period, to avoid causing serial communication error. PD_SCK Pulses Input channel Gain Table 3 Input Channel and Gain Selection PAGE - 5 ============ HX711 AVIA SEMICONDUCTOR 5DOUT PD_SCK 12MSB LSB2425 Next Conversion CH.A, Gain:128 Current Output Data 34PD_SCK 122425 Next Conversion CH.B, Gain:32 3426PD_SCK 122425 Next Conversion CH.B, Gain:64 342627Fig.2 Data output, input and gain selection timing and control T1T2T3T4One conversion period Symbol Note MIN TYP MAX Unit T1 DOUT falling edge to PD_SCK rising edge 0.1 s T2 PD_SCK rising edge to DOUT data ready 0.1 s T3 PD_SCK high time 0.2 1 50 s T4 PD_SCK low time 0.2 1 s Reset and Power-Down When chip is powered up, on-chip power on rest circuitry will reset the chip. Pin PD_SCK input is used to power down the HX711. When PD_SCK Input is low, chip is in normal working mode. 60sPower down: PD_SCK Power down Normal Fig.3 Power down control When PD_SCK pin changes from low to high and stays at high for longer than 60 s, HX711 enters power down mode (Fig.3). When internal regulator is used for HX711 and the external transducer, both HX711 and the transducer will be powered down. When PD_SCK returns to low, chip will reset and enter normal operation mode. After a reset or power-down event, input selection is default to Channel A with a gain of 128. Application Example Fig.1 is a typical weigh scale application using HX711. It uses on-chip oscillator (XI=0), 10Hz output data rate (RATE=0). A Single power supply 2.7 5.5V comes directly from MCU power supply. Channel B can be used for battery level detection. The related circuitry is not shown on Fig. 1. 139 KB – 9 Pages