by R Acharya · Cited by 2 — Programme Coordinator of ACAP, Mr. Navraj Chanpagain, GIS officer of ACAP, Carol Inskipp,. Chairperson, Nepal Rare Birds Committee, Rajendra Narsingh Suwal,

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MONITORING OF THE CHEER PHEASANT Catreus wallicJlii IN LOWER KALIGADAKI VALLEY, MUSTANG, NEPAL Report Submitted By Raju Acharya (Sharma) Suresh Thapa Yadav Ghimirey (June, 2006) Report submitted to King Mahendra Trust for Nature Conservation, Annapurna Conservation Area Project, Nepal Unit Conservation Office, Jomsom

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Abstract The first systematic study of Cheer Pheasant Catreus wallichii in Kaligandaki valley was done in 2004 by allocating seven calling pOints. Out of seven, five were located randomly with the help of multistage sampling and rest of two were located purposely. This Monitoring programme was succeeding part of protocol design for the Cheer Pheasant in the same area of Kaligandaki valley. This monitoring programme was done to check the status of Cheer Pheasant by comparing with the status of 2004. Monitoring programme was carried out from 12th May to 2nd June of 2006. Maximum of 11 calls (calling sites) were heard in the study area. Altogether 7 birds were directly observed in Pudhar Kharka only. Total mean call of the study area was found 7 birds, using the factor derived by Young et al. (1987), the total number of breeding population (pairs) was estimated to be 5.25 in the study area. Potential area for the Cheer Pheasant in the study site is about 22.16 km2, if we extrapolate; it gives the 59 breeding birds. Altogether 59 breeding population of Cheer Pheasant found within the total potential area of three Village Development committees. Based on the descriptive analysis, the mean population density of the species in the study area was estimated to be 2.65 breeding birds! km2 and the mean population density at 95% confidence limit ranges between 0.92 to 4.39 breeding bird! km2 (by applying the correction factor). With the help of potential habitat, we extrapolated the total population size of the species in the valley (covers three village development committees of Kaligandaki valley) to be 20 to 97 breeding birds (pairs) by applying correction factor. Two surveys (2004 and 2006) though showed a marginal decline, is statistically insignificant (Wilcoxcon Signed Rank Test, Z = 0.5416, N = 13, W= 16, ow= ±28.62, \Jw=O at 95% confidence limit), suggesting that Cheer population continue to survive in good status in this area. Surveys covering all Cheer habitats, regular population and ecological monitoring, study on grazing and burning impact, and raising conservation awareness among stakeholders are recommended.

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Monitoring of Cheer Pheasant in Kaligandaki Valley, Nepal, 2006 (For academic purposes preferred citation is: Achatya, R.S., Thapa, S. and Ghimirey, Y. 2006. Monitoring of the Cheer Pheasant in Lower Kaligandaki Valley, Mustang, Nepal. Final report submitted to King Mahelldra Trust for Nature Conservation’s Annapurna Conservation Area Project) 4

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Monitoring of Cheer Pheasant in KaIigandaki Valley, Nepal, 2006 Acknowledgements This study was almost impossible without financial support from King Mahendra Trust for Nature Conservation’s Annapuma Conservation Area Project. Therefore, we are most grateful to Mr. Kirti Paudel Project Coordinator of ACAP and Lizan Kumar Maskey, Programme Officer of ACAP for providing grants and logistic support for the entire study period. Same appreciation goes to Manish Raj Pandey , officer in charge of ACAP Jomsom. We would like to thank Dr. Siddhartha Bajra Bajracharya of KMTNC, Roshan Sherchan former Programme Coordinator of ACAP, Mr. Navraj Chanpagain, GIS officer of ACAP, Carol Inskipp, Chairperson, Nepal Rare Birds Committee, Rajendra Narsingh Suwal, Director of Lumbini Crane Sanctuary, Dr. Peter J. Garson, School of Biology, King George VI building, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, Dr. Hem Sagar Baral, Bird Conservation Nepal, Nabin Baral and all the staff of ACAP Jomsom for their endless cooperation and suggestion for the completion of study in the area and during the reporting period. We would like to thank Shanta Thakali , owner of Hotel Himalayan of Larjung, Kobhang for her support during the study period and all the people of lower Kaligandaki valley who supported us during the entire study period. Last but not least, we would like to thank Friends of Nature for their encouragement to complete the study. 5

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Monitoring of Cheer Pheasant in KaIigandaki Valley, Nepal, 2006 1.0 BACKGROUND AND JUSTIFICATION .. 7 2.0 STUDY AREA 7 3.0 STUDY SPECIES . 8 4.0 OBJECTIVES .. 9 5.0 METHODOLOGY 9 6.0 DATA ANALYSIS 10 6.1 Breeding Population Estimation (BPE) 10 6.2 Descriptive Statistics . 10 6.3 Mean population density . 10 7.0 RESULT AND DISCUSSION . 11 7.1 Breeding population based on Young et al. 1987 . 11 7.2 Descriptive analysis 12 7.2.1 Density and population estimation 12 7.3 Nest description 12 7.4 Sightings of Cheer Pheasants 12 7.5 Vegetation survey 13 7.6 Comparison of observation 13 7.7 Habitat assessment . 14 8.0 RECOMMENDATIONS . 15 8.1 Regular monitoring 15 8.2 Demarcation of potential Cheers habitat.. .. 15 8.3 Promotion of bird tourism .. 15 8.4 Impact study of Cheer and Crane Conservation Committees .. 15 References .. 16 Cheer monitoring programme in snaps 17 6

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