VSR BLASTER air cannon Type IV, with internal valve. Release: By reversing the 3/2-way valve, the air supply is interrupted and the control line is vented.
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®VSR BLASTER air cannon Type 2EV, with external Booster valves®VSR BLASTER air cannon Type IV, with internal valveRelease:By reversing the 3/2-way valve, the air supply is interrupted and the control line is vented. The diaphragm in the quick exhaust valve moves back and vents the piston chamber. The piston, having twice the cross section area of the blow pipe, reacts abruptly. When it has travelled only a quarter of the blow pipe diameter the entire cross section is opened. This allows the stored air to flow within milliseconds, explosively through the blow pipe into the silo. Finally the piston is reseated by the pre-tensioning spring which prevents any ingress of material into the air cannon in its depressurized state. ®VSR BLASTER air cannonsFilling:Compressed air is supplied to the quick exhaust valve through a small dia. filling and control piping via a 3/2 way hand valve or solenoid valve. The diaphragm in the quick exhaust valve closes the 18 mm outlet. The compressed air flows along the diaphragm into the piston chamber. The outlet pipe is closed by a piston, which is pre-tensioned by a spring. The compressed air flows through the piston orifice into the vessel which is then filled. When the operating pressure is reached the vessel is ready for use as required. Variations:®The alternative to the VSR BLASTER air cannon with internal valve is the external BOOSTER VALVE. This Booster valve can be installed on every pressure vessel. The unique tapered flange connection with a tension clamp and only two screws allows easy and rapid maintenance of the Booster valve. It is possible to couple two Booster valves to one single pressure vessel, thus giving two adjacent blast positions. 2

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High temperature application: riser duct with changeable nozzle systemDesign advantages:®!The superior effect of the VSR BLASTER air cannon is achieved by the unrestricted flow of compressed air from the pressure vessel to the discharge pipe. !The big piston with twice the diameter of the blowing pipe effects an extremely high piston lifting speed. With a piston travel of a quarter of the blowing pipe diameter, the ring orifice is fully opened for direct inflow. In this way, the explosive air expansion is achieved. !Quick exhausting of the piston chamber is done by a large ¾ fl quick exhaust valve with a Viton diaphragm which is specially developed and directly positioned at the piston chamber. !Maintenance work on the piston can be carried out without dismounting the vessel by simply removing the rear cap. !A spring pushes the piston immediately back and prevents material and dust from penetrating into the vessel. An impact area at the piston absorbs the recoil. !Filling and control are carried out through a small Æ 8×1 mm piping which is easily to be installed. Several control valves can be housed in protective control boxes in easily accessible places. No electric cables have to be connected to the air cannons. Typical problems and solutions3FunnelingRatholingBridgingArching®VSR BLASTER air cannons in a cement plant (Foto: Krupp Polysius)Effect:The VSR BLASTER air cannon instantaneously expells an explosion charge of compressed air directly into the critical areas of silos, hoppers and heat exchangers. This explosive blast of energy destroys the material adhesion and static friction resulting in a free flow under normal gravity. Air is discharged directly into the material from a straight nozzle or alternatively via a fan shaped head or isobaric sword nozzle in order to spread or concentrate the effort in specific areas. ®

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Blow head Double blow et angle Fan jet blow Fan jet blow nozzlehead TGnozzle TGnozzle TG TG, asymmetricalnozzle TGnozzle TGTGFan jFan jet blow Fan jet angle (pat.)Changeable nozzle system Blow pipeSpreader nozzleFan jet angle Fan jet blow Fan jet blow Slot nozzleIsobaric sword (pat.)nozzlenozzlenozzle, asymmetricalnozzle VSR BLASTER air cannonwith Fan jet angle nozzle®VSR BLASTER air cannon(pat.)with Sword nozzle ®VSR BLASTER air cannonwith Spreader nozzle®®VSR BLASTER air cannons, mounting details and nozzles®Basically, VSR BLASTER air cannons can be installed with all bunker constructions. If necessary, the pressure vessels can be arranged under the silos (e.g. in silo batteries) or in the conveyor tunnel under a stockpile. Openings being about 20 mm bigger than the nominal pipe diameter are cut or drilled into the silo™s walls near the critical non-flowing zones. A thread nipple is mounted in these holes, if necessary with a flange, while pipe extensions or blow nozzles are mounted at the inner side.At the outside, the air cannon is fastened with a pipe bend by means of a screwed flange set (or a screwed union) and a suspension device. Depending on the requirements, the air cannon discharges directly or through a blow angle, fan jet angle nozzle, blow head or an isobaric sword nozzle. Where easily fluidizing material can flow far back into the exhaust pipe, a check valve is installed. 4Bunker wallsteelBunker wallconcrete or kiln wallNozzles up to 300°C, DN 50/100/150Nozzles up to 1200°C, DN 100/150

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It is well known that cloggings of cement raw meal will regularly build up in the heat exchanger of cement rotary kilns. In the past, these had to be removed manually, using air / water lances or poking bars. To carry out this laborious and often dangerous task, the heat exchanger must be completely cooled down.Nowadays, air cannons are installed at the heat exchanger, their nozzles blowing parallely or perpendicularly to the wall to keep the brickwork or cement lining clean. However, as soon as the mouth piece of a nozzle is affected or worn off by chemical reaction, the cleaning effect decreases.At that moment or at the latest when the kiln is scheduled to a standstill, the heat exchanger has to be brickworked, the stones and the old nozzles have to be removed and the new ones have to be welded in. As well, the hollow space has to be filled with chamotte cement.To prevent unnecessary damage to the brickwork / lining, the VSR changeable nozzle system has been developed, that allows a simple changing of the nozzle from the outside without inner brickwork lining and possibly without having the heat exchanger completely cooled down. This applies not only for the installation of a completely new heat exchanger refractory but also in case of later equipment. VSR BLASTER with sword nozzles at a stockpile®Effect of the isobaric sword nozzle(pat.)Thus, a great depth and width effect of the air fan is achieved without loosing the blast effect. Depending on the size of the air cannon, the sword nozzles can be up to 6 m long and formed as single or double sword nozzle. Sword nozzles enhance the effect of the air cannons and reduce the number of blast positions. The cross section of the isobaric nozzle (pat.) decreases in proportion to flow length. The gap width of the slit is constant, its total cross section corresponds to the blow pipe™s cross section. Thus equal pressure and flow conditions prevail along the entire slit length regardless of whether, how and with what material the sword nozzle is covered. 5Isobaric sword nozzles and Changeable nozzle system

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In general, fill and control tubes not longer than 10 m of stainless steel or copper ø 8×1 are used, with simple applications even polyamid tubes. Cutting ring couplings have to be used to prevent any reduction of the cross section. The hand valves and solenoid valves can be mounted in groups together with an air service device in a well accessible location. Normally, the solenoid valves will be contained in a protective steel cabinet.The solenoid valves are controlled by push buttons, or generally by an electronic cycle control that allows a fully automatic operation. In the simplest form, solenoid valves with adjustable operating time and subsequent interval cycle card are used. A more universal operation, primarily for larger systems, is permitted by using electronic or microprocessor control units. Air cannons should be secured against unauthorized refilling (e.g. during maintenance works).For reasons of safety and effectiveness, in most cases the air cannons are blown off individually. It is best to release them in a cycle one after the other from bottom to top. The actuation frequency depends on the problem. They can be fired every minute or once per hour, shift, day or week.The firing is initiated by hand lever valves or solenoid valves with auxiliary manual actuation.Pneumatic control64-10 barØ 8×1 max. 10 m1/2flInternet: www.vsr-industrietechnik.de E-mail: info@vsr-industrietechnik.deVSR Industrietechnik GmbHAm Alten Schacht 6D- 47198 DuisburgTel. +49 (0) 20 66 / 99 66-30Fax +49 (0) 20 66 / 99 66-62Internet: www.vsr-industrietechnik.de E-mail: info@vsr-industrietechnik.deVSR Industrietechnik GmbHAm Alten Schacht 6D- 47198 DuisburgTel. +49 (0) 20 66 / 99 66-30Fax +49 (0) 20 66 / 99 66-62Solenoid valve case with pressure control and safety aerating Electronic S7 control unit for large systemsDN 6 1/4″ NO

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Guarantee of EffectVSR BLASTER air cannon systems, when installed according to our individual recommendations, are guaranteed to perform to the customer’s satisfaction, or the components may be returned for full credit within a period to be agreed upon.®Low Noise levelThe noise of the expanding compressed air is almost completely absorbed by the bulk material. Simple Installation and OperationThe air cannon is mounted with only a few pipe fittings at the bunker. It will be connected to the compressed air system by means of a 3/2 way valve and can be controlled by an automatic, electronic control panel.Accident prevention ® The VSR BLASTERair cannons meet the pressure vessel safety regulations. There is absolutely no danger to the bunker itself nor to its contents. Due to the low volume of compressed air and the use of a sparkless valve, there is no danger of initiating an explosion (e.g. in case of coal dust). Inert gas, e.g. nitrogen, can be used instead of compressed air. Recommendations of the authorized associations for silo safety are available. Working mediumIn most cases, compressed air as supplied by a standard system will be the adequate working medium. ®The VSR BLASTER air cannons operate in a pressure range of 4-10 bar with increasing effectiveness. Often, a pressure of 6 bar is sufficient. The operating intervals can be reduced to less than 5 seconds (if necessary), while often only a few blasts per day are needed. If compressed air is not acceptable in the process, inert gas can be used.High temperature and Pressurized vessels®VSR BLASTER air cannons can be used in high temperature and pressurized vessels (up to 1100° C and 6 bar), when special arrangements are provided.Low Energy consumptionSince the air cannon operates intermittently, it consumes only a fraction of the energy needed for conventional pneumatic fluidization systems. ® VIBMATIC 6000Vibration stress reduction ® CAREXsealing of conveyor belt transfers® LINEXConveyor belt centralizing idler®VIBREX Conveyor belt cleaning® DUSTEXDust suppression system®VSR BLASTER Air cannonsand air injectorsProduct programmeVSR Industrietechnik GmbH 03/2012Technical modifications reservedInternet: www.vsr-industrietechnik.de E-mail: info@vsr-industrietechnik.deVSR Industrietechnik GmbHAm Alten Schacht 6D- 47198 DuisburgTel. +49 (0) 20 66 / 99 66-30Fax +49 (0) 20 66 / 99 66-62Advantages

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