Feb 1, 2010 — ISBN 978-92-64-08390-5 (PDf) you can copy, download or print OECD content for your own use, and you can include excerpts from OECD
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QUALITY STANDA RDS FOR DEVELOPMENT EVAL UATION ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENTThe OECD is a unique forum where the governments of 30 democracies work together to address the economic, social and environmental challenges of globalisation. The OECD is also at the forefront of efforts to understand and to help governments respond to new developments and concerns, such as corporate governance, the information economy and the challenges of an ageing population. The Organisation provides a setting where governments can compare policy experiences, seek answers to common problems, identify good practice and work to co-ordinate domestic and international policies. The OECD member countries are: Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Korea, Luxembourg, Mexico, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, the Slovak Republic, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United States. The Commission of the European Communities takes part in the work of the OECD. © OECD 2010ISBN 978-92-64-08390-5 (PDF) You can copy, download or print OECD content for your own use, and you can include excerpts from OECD publications, databases and multimedia products in your own documents, presentations, blogs, websites and teaching materials, provided that suitable acknowledgment of OECD as source and copyright owner is given. All requests for public or commercial use and translation rights should be submitted to rights@oecd.org. Requests for permission to photocopy portions of this material for public or commercial use shall be addressed directly to the Copyright Clearance Center (CCC) at info@copyright.com or the Centre français d™exploitation du droit de copie (C FC) at contact@cfcopies.com.This work is published on the responsibility of the Secretary-General of the OECD. The views of the Organisation or of the governments of its member countries.

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THE NETWORK ON DEVELOPMENT EVALUATION The Network on Development Evaluation is a subsidiary body of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) at the OECD. Its purpose is to increase the effectiveness of international development programmes by supporting robust, informed and independent evaluation. The Network is a unique body, bringing together 32 bilateral donors and multilateral development agencies: Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, the European Commission, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Korea, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, the United States, the World Bank, the Asian Development Bank, the African Development Bank, the Inter-American Development Bank, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the United Nations Development Programme, and the International Monetary Fund. For further information on the work of the DAC Evaluation Network, please visit the website www.oecd.org/dac/evaluationnetwork or email dacevaluation.contact@oecd.org Also available in French under the title: Normes de qualité pour l™évaluation du développement

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www.oecd.org/dac/evaluationnetwork 2Introduction 51 Overarching considerations 61.1 Development evaluation 6 1.2 F ree and open evaluation process 6 1.3 Evaluation ethics 6 1.4 Partnership approach 7 1.5 Co-ordination and alignment 7 1.6 Capacity development 7 1.7 Quality control 72 Purpose, planning and design 82.1 R ationale and purpose of the evaluation 8 2.4 Evaluability 9 2.5 Stakeholder involvement 9 2.7 Evaluation questions 9 2.8 Selection and application of evaluation criteria 9 2.9 Selection of approach and methodology 10 2.10 R esources 10 2.11 Governance and management structures 10 TABLE OF CONTENTS

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QUALITY STANDA RDS FOR DEVELOPMENT EVAL UATION 33 Implementation and reporting 113.1 Evaluation team 11 3.2 Independence of evaluators vis-à-vis stakeholders 11 3.3 Consultation and protection of stakeholders 11 3.4 Implementation of evaluation within allotted time and budget 11 3.5 Evaluation report 11 3.6 Clarity and representativeness of summary 12 3.7 Context of the development intervention 12 3.8 Intervention logic 12 3.9 Validity and reliability of information sources 12 3.10 Explanation of the methodology used 13 3.11 Clarity of analysis 13 3.12 Evaluation questions answered 13 3.13 Acknowledgement of changes and limitations of the evaluation 13 3.14 Acknowledgement of disagreements within the evaluation team 13 3.15 Incorporation of stakeholders™ comments 144 Follow-up, use and learning 154.1 Timeliness, relevance and use of the evaluation 15 4.2 Systematic response to and follow-up on recommendations 15 4.3 Dissemination 15Annex 1. Related development evaluation publications 16

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www.oecd.org/dac/evaluationnetwork 4Terms used in this documentThe term ‚development intervention™ is used in the Standards as a general term for institutional performance, etc, aimed to promote development. The term ‚evaluation report™ is used to cover all evaluation products, which may take different forms, including written or oral reports, visual presentations, community workshops, etc.

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QUALITY STANDA RDS FOR DEVELOPMENT EVAL UATION 5INTRODUCTIONThe DAC Quality Standards for Development Evaluation identify the key pillars needed for a quality development evaluation process and product. They are intended for use by evaluation managers and practitioners. The Standards are not mandatory, but provide a guide to good practice. They were developed primarily for use by DAC members, but broader use by all other development partners is welcome.The Standards aim to improve quality and ultimately to strengthen the contribution of improve the quality of development evaluation processes and products, facilitate the comparison of evaluations across countries, The Standards support evaluations that adhere to the DAC Principles for the Evaluation of Development Assistance (1991), including impartiality, independence, credibility and the management and institutional set up of evaluation systems and remain the benchmark against which OECD DAC members are assessed in DAC Peer Reviews. By contrast, the Standards inform evaluation processes and products. The Standards can be used during the different stages of the evaluation process and in a variety of ways, including to assess the quality of evaluations, inform practice, strengthen and harmonise evaluation training, or as an input to create evaluation guidelines or policy documents. The Standards should be applied sensibly and adapted to local and national contexts and approaches. Further, these Standards do not exclude the use of other evaluation quality standards and related texts, such as those developed by individual agencies, professional evaluation societies and networks. planning, designing, implementing, reporting, and learning from and using evaluation results. The Standards begin with some overall considerations to keep in mind throughout the evaluation process. An annex provides references to related OECD DAC development evaluation publications. ŁŁŁŁ

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