May 28, 2021 — Where can I get information about COVID-19 vaccination? All people ages 12 and older who live, work, or study in New York State (NYS) are
141 KB – 8 Pages
PAGE – 1 ============
5.28.21 1 What New Yorkers Need to Know Now About COVID -19 This document provides basic information on COVID -19, including prevention, transmission, groups at increased risk , symptoms , testing , w hat to do if sick or exposed , and managing stress and anxiety. For more information on COVID -19, visit nyc.gov/health/coronavirus . If you have any questions, c all 311 . COVID -19 Prevention and Transmission How does COVID -19 s pread? COVID -19 most commonly spreads between people who are in close contact (within about 6 feet) with one another. It is spread through droplets that are sprayed when a person infected with the virus coughs, sneezes, talks, sings or breathes. Inhaling t hese particles into the nose, mouth, airways and lungs is the main way the virus spreads. It may be possible for people to get COVID -19 by touching a surface that has the virus on it and then touching their mouth, nose, or eyes, but this is not thought to be the main way the virus spreads. Under certain conditions, COVID -19 can remain in the air and travel distances beyond 6 feet. COVID -19 may then be spread when someone breathes in these particles. The risk of spreading COVID -19 in this way inc reases in indoor spaces with poor ventilation and during activities that increase respiration, such as singing or exercising. How can I protect myself and others from COVID -19? The following prevention measures are critical to stopping the spread of COVID -19: Stay home . Stay home if you are not feeling well or test positive for COVID -19, whether or not you are vaccinated . Keep physical distance . Keep at least 6 feet from others. Wear a face covering . Protect yourself and those around you by wearing a face covering when outside your home. Keep your hands clean . Wash your hands and carry alcohol -based hand sanitizer when outside your home . Avoid touching your face with unwashed hands and cover your coughs and sneezes. Get vaccinated . Vaccination is the best way to protect yourself and others. Where can I get information about COVID -19 vaccination? All people ages 12 and older who live, work, or study in New York State (NYS) are eligible for COVID -19 vaccination. COVID -19 vaccines are safe and getting vaccinated is the most important way to protect yourself from severe COVID -19 illness, hospitalization and death. For information on COVID -19 vaccines, visit nyc.gov/covidvaccine . Visit nyc.gov/vaccinefinder or call 877 -VAX -4NYC (877 -829 -4692) to find a vaccination site . Many sites, including all City -run sites, do not require an appointment. What i s a face covering and how does it help prevent the spread of COVID -19? A face covering is a well -secured cloth covering or disposable mask that covers your nose and mouth. Face coverings help prevent the spread of COVID -19 by:
PAGE – 2 ============
2 Protecting the wearer, by r educing their exposure to respiratory particles that may contain the virus. Protecting others, by reducing the amount of respiratory particles that enter the air when someone with COVID -19 coughs, sneezes, talks or breathes . If you are not vaccinated agai nst COVID -19, wear a face covering at all times when outside your home and around other people , and even sometimes at home. People who are fully vaccinated (two weeks after their single -dose vaccine or second dose of a two -dose vaccine) do not have to wear a face covering in many settings but must wear one sometimes. For more information on face coverings, see COVID -19 Face Coverings: Frequently Asked Questions and How to Put on a Face Covering and How to Wear Two Face Coverings . People at Increased Risk of Severe COVID -19 Illness Who is at increased risk of seve re COVID -19 illness? Severe illness means that the person with COVID -19 may require hospitalization, intensive care or a ventilator to help them breathe, or may even die. People who are at increased risk of severe illness need to be especially careful abou t monitoring their health and taking precautions . Among adults, the risk of severe COVID -19 illness increases with age, with older adults at highest risk. For example, people in their 50s are at higher risk for severe illness than people in their 40s. Peo ple in their 60s or 70s are, in general, at higher risk for severe illness than people in their 50s. Long -standing systemic health and social inequities have put people from some racial and ethnic groups (including Black, Latino and Indigenous groups) at increased risk of getting sick and dying from COVID -19. Studies have shown that people from some racial and ethnic groups are dying from COVID -19 at younger ages. People of color are often younger when they develop chronic medical conditions and may be mor e likely to have more than one condition. In addition, people of any age with certain underlying health conditions are at increased risk for COVID -19 illness . This includ es cancer , c hronic kidney disease , chronic lung disease, heart conditions, obesity , pregnancy and diabetes. See COVID -19 Prevention and Groups at Higher Risk for a full list of conditions. Can children be at increased risk of s evere COVID -19 illness? Severe COVID -19 illness in children is uncommon. There is currently limited evidence about which specific medical conditions can lead to increased risk for children. However, children with certain underlying conditions, such as asth ma, cancer, diabetes and obesity , can be at increased risk of severe illness . See COVID -19 Prevention and Groups at Higher Risk for a full list of conditions. I am older or have an underlying health condition, is it safe for me to go out? Vaccination is the best way to prevent severe COVID -19 illness, hospitalization and death. The COVID -19 vaccines are safe and effective, includ ing in older adults and people with underlying medical conditions. If you are not fully vaccinated, consider extra precautions, such as: Avoid crowds and indoor gatherings. Consider wearing two masks (a cloth covering over a disposable mask) or using a higher -grade mask like a KN95 mask.
PAGE – 3 ============
3 Get your groceries and other necessities delivered, have someone get them for you or shop during off -peak hours. Exercise is important! Go outside to get fresh air but wear a face covering and practice physical distancin g when you do. If you have a condition or are taking medications that weaken your immune system, you may not be fully protected even if you are fully vaccinated. Talk to your health care provider before you stop taking precautions . Where can I get more information on risk of severe COVID -19 il lness? For more information on people at increased risk of severe COVID -19 illness , including individual factors and living situations that may require extra precautions, visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website .COVID -19 Symptoms What are the symptoms of COVID -19? People with COVID -19 have reported a wide range of symptoms . Some people do not have any symptoms. Symptoms may include (among others): Fever or chills Cough Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing Fatigue Muscle or body aches Headache Loss of taste or smell Sore throat Congestion or runny nose Nausea or vomiting Diarrhea Symptoms may appear two to 14 days after exposure to the virus. Most people with COVID -19 have mild to moderate symptoms and recover on their own. Less commonly, COVID -19 may lead to pneumonia, other severe complications, hospitalization or death. Do children have the same symptoms of COVID -19? Children have similar symptoms as adults and generally have mild illness. Doctors have identified a rare but serious condition in some children, called multisystem inflammatory in children (MIS-C), that is associated wi th COVID-19. For more information, see MIS-C. COVID- 19 Testing What kinds of COVID -19 test s are available? There are two types of COVID -19 tests currently available : Diagnostic tests (also called virus tests ), which are swab or saliva tests used to identify whether someone currently has COVID -19; and
PAGE – 4 ============
4 Antibody tests (also called serology tests ), which are blood tests used to identify whether someone had COVID -19 in the past . Who should get a diagnostic test for COVID -19? People who are not vaccinated against COVID -19 should continue to get tested for COVID -19 whether or not they have symptoms. It is especially important to get tested if you: Have symptoms Had close contact with someone who was diagnosed with COVID -19 or had COVID -19 symptoms Recently attended a large indoor gathering Were recently traveling Are planning to attend a large event or visit someone at increased risk of severe COVID -19 illness If you are unvaccinated, you should also consider periodic testing if you have frequent in -person interactions with others at work or socially Š especially if you are in close contact with people without face coverings in indoor settings. People who are fu lly vaccinated against COVID -19 and people who had COVID -19 in the past three months and recovered do not need to be tested, unless they have COVID -19 symptoms. There may be different testing requirements in certain settings, such as schools and group livi ng facilities. For more information on frequency of testing, see NYC COVID -19 Testing Recommendations . Where can I get tested? If your provider does not offer COVID -19 testing, call 311 , text ﬁCOVID TESTﬂ to 855 -48 or visit nyc.gov/covidtest to find a testing site near you. Many sites offer testing at no cost to you. For additional information on COVID -19 testing, see COVID -19 Testing: Frequently Asked Questions . What to Do If You Have or May Have COVID -19 (Isolation and Care ) What should I do if I have COVID -19 (positive diagnostic test) or symptoms of COVID -19? If you test positive for COVID -19 or have symptoms of COVID -19, you should isolate. Isolation means staying home, monitoring your health and safely separating from others to prevent the spread of COVID -19. People with symptoms should get tested for COVID -19. People with COVID -19 or symptoms of COVID -19 must stay home , even if they are fully vaccinated against COVID -19. Do not leave home except to get a COVID -19 test or other essential medical care, or for basic needs such as grocery shopping or picking up medications at your pharmacy if someone can not get them for you. You should call your health care provider , especially if you are an older adult or have an underlying condition that put s you at increased risk of severe COVID -19 illness . Use telephone or telemedicine when possible. What if I do not have a health care provider or health insurance? If you need a health care provider, NYC Health + Hospitals welcomes all New Yorkers, regardl ess of immigration status or ability to pay. Visit nychealthandhospitals.org for mo re information and to search for a health care provider, or call 844 -NYC -4NYC (844 -692 -4692) or 311 .
PAGE – 5 ============
5 Many low – to no -cost health insurance plans are available through the NYS of Health Marketplace. To make an appointment with a Certified Application Counselor, call 311 , text ﬁCoveredNYCﬂ to 877 -877 or visit nyc.gov/health/healthcoverage . Are there treatment options available for COVID -19? There are treatment options for people with COVID -19, including monoclo nal antibody (mAb) treatment . mAb treatment is for people at high risk for severe COVID -19 illness who have tested positive for COVID -19 and are not sick enough to be in the hospital. mAb treatment can lower the amount of virus in your body, reduce symptoms and help avoid hospitalization . It is most effective when received soon after COVID -19 symptoms be gin, so it is important to get tested and care right away. NYC Health + Hospitals offers mAb treatment at several of its outpatient facilities. Patients with a positive COVID -19 test can be screened for eligibility and scheduled for an appointment with N YC Health + Hospitals by connecting to ExpressCare.nyc and clicking ﬁTalk to a Doctor Now ,ﬂ or they can call 212 -COVID19 (212 -268 -4319) and press 9 for monoclonal antibody treatments. For more information, see Monoclonal Antibody Treatment for COVID -19. When should I g o to the hospital or call 911? It is important that you get emergency medical care for C OVID -19 and other health problems when needed. Go to an emergency room or call 911 immediately if you have: Trouble breathing Persistent pain or pressure in the chest or abdomen New confusion or inability to stay awake Blue lips or face Difficulty speaking Sudden face drooping Numbness in the face, arm or leg Seizure Any sudden and severe pain Uncontrolled bleeding Severe or persistent vomiting or diarrhea Any other emergency condition For how long do I have to stay home (isolate) ? If you have COVID -19 or COVID -19 symptoms you can leave your home when all the following are true: It has been at least 10 days since you started feeling sick, or since the date you were tested if you have not felt sick . You have not had a feve r for at least 24 hours without taking of fever – and pain -reducing medicines, such as Advil, Motrin, Tylenol or aspirin . Your overall illness has improved. What if my symptoms of COVID -19 continue ? You are considered no longer contagious after your isola tion period ends, even if your symptoms continue. Most people who have COVID -19 completely recover, but some have lasting symptoms and health problems . Post -acute COVID -19 syndrome, also called long COVID or chronic COVID, refers to a wide range
PAGE – 6 ============
6 of symptom s that develop during or after COVID -19 illness and continue for several weeks or months. Symptoms include fatigue, breathing problems and muscle pain. For more information on symptoms and available care options in NYC, see Post -Acute COVID -19 Syndrome: Frequently Asked Questions . For more information about isolation , see COVID -19: Understanding Quarantine and Isolation . For more information about what to do when sick, see the Health Department™s Symptoms and Care webpage . What to Do If Exposed to Someone With COVID -19 (Quarantine) What should I do if I was exposed to someone with COVID -19? People who are not fully vaccinated against COVID -19 and are exposed to someone with COVID -19 must quarantine. Quarantine means staying home, monitoring your health and safely separating from others after you were recently exposed to someone with COVID -19. You should quarantine if you have been in close contact with someone who has COVID -19 (within 6 feet for at least 10 minutes over a 24 -hour period) . People who are fully vaccinated and people who have had COVID -19 in the past three months and recovered do not need to quarantine following an exposure . However , if they develop symptoms, they should seek COVID -19 testing and isolate at home. Who must quarantine due to travel? Quarantine is not required following domestic or international travel . For more information about travel quarantine, visit the NYS Travel Advisory website . What does it mean to quarantine ? People in quarantine must stay home . Do not leave home except to g et a COVID -19 test or other essential medical care, or for basic needs such as grocery shopping or picking up medications at your pharmacy if someone ca nno t get them for you. You should also get tested for COVID -19. Remember it is possible to have COVID -19 and not have symptoms. How do I figure out the date my quarantine ends? If you are a close contact, you must quarantine for 10 days from your last close contact to the person who has COVID -19. Your employer may require you to stay out of work for a different period of time based on NYS requirements for specific industries. For more information about quarantine, see COVID -19: Understanding Quarantine and Isolation Protecting Others During Quarantine and Isolation What can I do to protect others in my household during quarantine or isolation ? Create physical distance . Stay at least 6 feet from others. Stay in a separate room, if possible. Sleep head -to-toe if you share a bed or have someone sleep on the couch. Move seating and other furniture around to maintain physical distance. Keep people who are sick separate from others, especially from people at increased risk for serious illness. Do not have visitors come to your home. Cover up . Wear a face covering at all times unless you are alone in a separate room; you should also wear a face covering when you are around pe ts. Other household members should also wear a face covering when they are in the same room as you.
PAGE – 8 ============
8 leave enough time to get both vaccine doses (if getting the Pfizer or Moderna vaccine) and remember you are not considered fully vaccinated until two weeks after your second dose (or two weeks after your first dose of the single dose Johnson & J ohnson vaccine) . Traveling may put you, your family and your community at risk of getting COVID -19 and spreading the virus to others , especially if you are not vaccinated . If you travel, plan ahead and take precautions during travel and at your destinati on. Make sure you check testing and quarantine requirements at your destination. Note that masks are required on airplanes and most public transportation, even if you are fully vaccinated. If you are not fully vaccinated, consider getting tested and quara ntining after travel. People who are fully vaccinated should also consider testing following international travel. Everyone should closely monitor for COVID -19 symptoms and isolate and get tested right away if they experience symptoms following travel. For more information , visit the NYS Travel Advisory website and the CDC website . Check out these additional activity -specific guidance documents : Tips on Shopping Safely During the COVID -19 Public Health Emergency How to Dine Out Safely During the COVID -19 Public Health Emergency COVID -19: Tips on Getting Together Safely COVID -19: Tips on Staying Physically Active and Spending Time Outdoors How to Protest Safely During the COVID -19 Public Health Emergency Commuting Safely During the COVID -19 Publ ic Health Emergency Safer Sex and COVID -19 Managing Stress and Anxiety These are difficult times. How can I manage stress and anxiety ? During this ongoing period of uncertainty, it is natural to feel overwhelmed, sad, anxious or afraid, or to experience other symptoms of distress, such as trouble sleeping. Below are tips to help you cope. Stay connected with friends and loved ones by phone, social media and video chat . You can also meet at a park or other open space but remember to keep at least 6 feet from other and wear a face covering. Visit the ﬁApp Libraryﬂ at nyc.gov/nycwell for online tools to help you manage your health and emotional well -being. NYC Well is your connection to free, confidential mental health support. Speak to a trained counselor 24/7 and get access to mental health and substance use services in more than 200 languages. For more information, call 888 -NYC -WELL (888 -692 -9355), text ” WELL” to 65173 or visit nyc.gov/nycwell . Call NY Project Hope e motional support helpline at 844 -863 -9314 to talk to specially trained volunteer professionals. They are there to listen, support and offer referrals from 8 a.m. to 10 p.m., seven days a week. The NYC He alth Depa rtment may chan ge recomme ndat ions as the situat ion evolves. 5.28.21
141 KB – 8 Pages