If you have the “cold” ball when the music stops, read the fact that’s closest to KidsHealth/classroom/3to5/problems/conditions/colds_flu_handout1.pdf.

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Grades 3 to 5 Ł Health Problems Series Colds and Flu Having a cold is the #1 reason elementary students miss school. The flu ranks a close second, and can result in a week of missed class time. The following activities will help your students learn how to protect themselves from both the common cold and the flu. Related KidsHealth Links Articles for Kids: Chilling Out With Colds KidsHealth.org/Flu Center KidsHealth.org/ The Flu: Stop the Spread KidsHealth.org/Who Needs a Flu Shot? KidsHealth.org/htmlWhy Do I Need to Wash My Hands? KidsHealth.org/Article for Teachers: Tips From School Nurses on Keeping Students Healthy KidsHealth.org / Discussion Questions Note: The following questions are written in language appropriate for sharing with your students. 1.What can you do to protect yourself from getting a cold or the flu? 2.Are colds contagious? Is the flu contagious? 3.How many days of school might you miss if you have the flu? If you have a cold? 4.Are there different types of flu? Are there different kinds of cold viruses? Teacher™s Guide This guide includes: ŁStandards ŁRelated Links ŁDiscussion Questions ŁActivities for Students ŁReproducible Materials Standards This guide correlates with the following National Health Education Standards: Students will: ŁComprehend concepts related to health promotion and disease prevention to enhance health. ŁAnalyze the influence of family, peers, culture, media, technology, and other factors on health behaviors. ŁDemonstrate the ability to access valid information and products and services to enhance health. ŁDemonstrate the ability to use interpersonal communication skills to enhance health and avoid or reduce health risks. ŁDemonstrate the ability to use decision-making skills to enhance health. ŁDemonstrate the ability to use goal-setting skills to enhance health. ŁDemonstrate the ability to practice health-enhancing behaviors and avoid or reduce health risks. ŁDemonstrate the ability to advocate for personal, family, and community health. National Health Education Standards: www.cdc.gov/ healthyschools/sher/standards/ index.htm

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Activities for Students Note: The following activities are written in language appropriate for sharing with your students. Viral Messages Objectives: Students will: ŁLearn facts about the flu ŁCreate a public service announcement about flu prevention Materials: ŁComputer with Internet access, KidsHealth.org articles at KidsHealth.org/ ŁfiViral Messagesfl handout Class Time: Ł1 hour Activity: It™s that time of year again: flu season. Your local radio station, WKHN (KidsHealth News), needs your class to get the news out about how kids can protect themselves from the flu. First, go to KidsHealth.org and read all about the flu, especially about prevention methods and immunizations. With a partner, write a short public service announcement (PSA) using the fiViral Messagesfl handout as a guide. Write your PSA, then time yourself reading it to keep it less than 30 seconds long. Make sure you use some catchy phrases so kids will remember your message. Then as a class, we™ll vote for the top PSAs and read them during the school™s morning announcements. Extension: Create posters for the school™s hallways, or a video for a school assembly, reminding everyone to get their flu shots. Grades 3 to 5 Ł Health Problems Series Colds and Flu

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Musical Colds Objectives: Students will: Ł Identify signs and symptoms of the common cold Ł Learn how the common cold is prevented, spread, and treated Materials: Ł Large beach ball Ł fiMusical Coldsfl handout for teachers Ł Fine-point permanent markers Class Time: Ł 30 minutes Activity: Instead of musical chairs, today we™re going to play Musical Colds so we can learn important facts about the common cold and how to keep it away so you stay healthy and stay in school. We™ll sit in a big circle and pass around the ficoldfl ball while we listen to music. If you have the ficoldfl ball when the music stops, read the fact that™s closest to your right thumb aloud to the class. If you read a fact that a classmate already read aloud, everyone has to do a fake cough or sneeze into their elbows to show that we remembered that fact. That way, we also get to practice the best way to cough or sneeze to avoid spreading cold germs. (Note to teachers: Make sure everyone washes their hands before playing!) Extensions: Hand washing is one of the best ways to avoid spreading cold and flu germs. Have your students make laminated hand washing reminder signs on index cards that they can display in their homes and in school lavatories to remind friends and family of the importance of hand washing. Reproducible Materials Handout: Viral Messages KidsHealth.org/classroom/3to5/problems/conditions/colds_flu_handout1.pdf Handout: Musical Colds KidsHealth.org/classroom/3to5/problems/conditions/colds_flu_handout2.pdf Quiz: Colds and Flu KidsHealth.org/classroom/3to5/problems/conditions/colds_flu_quiz.pdf Answer Key: Colds and Flu KidsHealth.org/classroom/3to5/problems/conditions/colds_flu_quiz_answers.pdf Grades 3 to 5 Ł Health Problems Series Colds and Flu

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Personal Health Series Colds and Flu Musical Colds r hands helps prevent spreading germ Cold germs stick to the inside of your nose A rhinovirus is a type of cold virus spread colds through mucus droplets in the airSteamy showers help stuffy nosesSigns of a cold: sneezing, coughiCold germs stic A cold is a nose, ears, and throat infection

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Personal Health Series Colds and Flu Quiz Answer Key 1. The flu is caused by the influenza virus. 2. Flu symptoms can be: a. mild fever and chills b. cough c. body aches d. all of the above 3. True or false: Doctors recommend that everyone older than 6 months should get a flu vaccine every year. 4. True or false : You can get infected by flu germs just by standing next to someone who has the flu. 5. Washing your hands is the best thing you can do to avoid getting cold and flu germs. 6. The most common type of cold virus is the: a. hippovirus b. dinovirus c. rhinovirus d. all of the above 7. Your immune system protects your body from germs and illness. 8. True or false: You can catch a cold if you breathe in cold viruses on mucus droplets in the air. 9. True or false : You can catch a cold if you don™t dress in warm clothes. 10. You might have a cold if you™re: a. hungry b. coughing and sneezing c. alert and full of energy d. all of the above

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