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Gear Up, Breathe Easy CARB is actively enforcing heavy-duty diesel vehicle regulations in support of California™s clean air goals. Enforcement of clean diesel vehicle rules also provides a level playing ˜eld for those who have already done their part and are in compliance. This booklet provides basic information and resources to help take the guesswork out of California™s clean truck and bus requirements. If your vehicle does not meet state clean air laws, you could be subject to ˜nes or temporarily lose the ability to operate in California. Disclaimer While this booklet is intended to assist vehicle owners with their compliance efforts, it is the sole responsibility of ˚eets to ensure compliance with all applicable regulations. MORE INFORMATION Visit CARB™s comprehensive website for more detailed information regarding diesel vehicles and compliance options at arb.ca.gov/truckstop Para obtener más informacíon en español, por favor visite arb.ca.gov/truckstop/espanol 8666DIESEL@arb.ca.gov 1-866-6DIESEL (1-866-634-3735)
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Contents What diesel rules apply to you? 3Trucks & Buses 4Truck & Bus Regulation Compliance Options 5DMV Compliance Veri˜cation Begins in 2020 6Drayage Trucks 7Transportation Refrigeration Units 8Tractors & Box-Type Trailers 9Other Diesel Programs 10 Diesel Particulate Filter Care & Maintenance 11-12 Funding Assistance 13 Quick Tips 14
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3What diesel rules apply to you? Check all diesel rules that apply to you. Does your vehicle have a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) of 14,000+ lbs. ? See Trucks and Buses (private and federal ˚eets): page 4 Other rules may apply, see below. Is your ˚eet publicly owned , a solid waste collection vehicle , or a transit agency or utility ? See Public Fleets and Others: page 10 Do you visit ports or intermodal rail yards ? See Drayage Trucks: page 7 Do you own or operate a reefer (transport refrigeration unit)? See Transport Refrigeration Units: page 8 Do you own or pull 53-foot or longer box-type trailers ? See Tractors and Box-Type Trailers: page 9 Do you own a vehicle with a GVWR of 6,000+ lbs. ? See Idling Limits: page 10 See Emission Control Labels: page 10 See Heavy-Duty Vehicle Inspection Program: page 10 See Periodic Smoke Inspection Program: page 10
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4Truck & Bus Regulation On-road diesel vehicles with a GVWR that is 14,001+ lbs. must reduce exhaust emissions by meeting particulate matter (PM) ˜lter requirements and upgrading to newer engines. Vehicles with 2010 engine model year (EMY) or newer are fully compliant. Heavier Vehicles with a GVWR greater than 26,000 lbs. must upgrade as shown in the table. Reporting is optional when exclusively using the Engine Model Year schedule for heavier vehicles below. EMY Schedule for Heavier Vehicles (>26,000 lbs. GVWR) EMY Level 3 PM Filter 2010 EMY by Pre-1994 Not required January 1, 2015 1994-1995 Not required January 1, 2016 1996-1999 January 1, 2012 January 1, 2020 2000-2004 January 1, 2013 January 1, 2021 2005 or newer January 1, 2014 January 1, 2022 2007-2009 If already equipped January 1, 2023 Lighter Vehicles with a GVW between 14,001 and 26,000 lbs. need to be upgraded wit 2010 or newer EMY. Check the table to determine your replacement date. Older vehicles may be upgraded to newer used equipment that is still in compliance with the schedule. No retro˜t PM ˜lter or reporting is required for lighter vehicles. For more information call 1-866-6DIESEL (866-634- 3735) or visit arb.ca.gov/truckstop R h EMY Schedule for Lighter Vehicles (14,001-26,000 lbs. GVWR) EMY 2010 EMY by 1995 and older January 1, 2015 1996 January 1, 2016 1997 January 1, 2017 1998 January 1, 2018 1999 January 1, 2019 2003 and older January 1, 2020 2004-2006 January 1, 2021 2007-2009 January 1, 2023 Ot her compliance options may help you comply with the regulation (see page 5). Reporting is required by January 31 of the compliance year to claim any available options.
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5Compliance Options Requires reporting in CARB’s TRUCRS syst emListed below are the remaining compliance options available for 2019 and future compliance years. If you do not qualify for these options, you must follow the Engine Model Year (EMY) schedule found on page 4. Low-Use Exemption The mileage limit is 1,000 miles per year in California. If you have vehicles designed to power other equipment while stationary, the limit is 100 hours per year in California. Low Mileage Construction Truck Option Eligible vehicles with a particulate matter ˜lter that don’t meet the EMY schedule may operate up to 15,000 miles per year, and up to 20,000 miles for dump trucks. Lighter vehicles can no longer claim this ˚exibility option. No longer available for opt-in. Agricultural Vehicle Extension for Replacement Vehicles Agricultural vehicles that reported for this ˚exibility option cannot operate more than 10,000 miles per year until January 1, 2023. No longer available for opt-in. NOX Exempt Area Extension The counties that were added to the list of NO X Exempt Areas under the 2014 amendments have been removed, and a PM ˜lter must already be installed to claim the NO X Exempt Area Extension. Retro˜t by 2014 and Additional Time for Engine Replacement Lighter vehicles with pre-2000 model year engines and heavier vehicles with pre-1996 model year engines that were retro˜t by January 1, 2014 and reported to use this compliance option have until January 1, 2020 to delay engine replacement. If all the vehicles in your ˚eet had a diesel particulate ˜lter by January 1, 2014, they may operate until January 1, 2023. No longer available for opt-in. Options No Longer Available Ł Heavy Cranes Phase-In Option. Ł The twenty-˜ve percent annual vehicle upgrade limit. Ł Cattle livestock trucks are no longer eligible for Specialty Ag Extension. Note that the 2017 Lawson Lawsuit impacted many of the previously existing options and deadlines, and many are no longer available or have expired.
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7Drayage Trucks Diesel-fueled trucks transporting cargo destined for or coming from California™s ports and intermodal rail yards (including bobtails and transporting chassis) must be registered in the statewide Drayage Truck Registry prior to entry. Drayage ˚eets must comply with requirements by operating only vehicles with 2007 MY engines or newer. Drayage Compliance Schedule (GVWR 26,001 lbs. or more) Truck Engine Model Year Emission Requirements 2006 and older Not allowed 2007-2009 Compliant through 2022 2010 and newer Fully compliant By January 1, 2023, all class 7 and 8 diesel-fueled drayage trucks must have 2010 or newer engines. Trucks with 2010 or newer engines are fully compliant with both the Truck and Bus and Drayage regulations. The exchange of marine or rail cargo (e.g. containers) between compliant and noncompliant drayage trucks is not allowed anywhere in California. Note: If you are considered exempt from the Drayage Truck Regulation, you are currently subject to the Truck and Bus Regulation. Drayage Truck Regulation 1-888-247-4821 | arb.ca.gov/drayagetruck
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8Transport Refrigeration Units (Reefers) All transport refrigeration units (TRU) and TRU generator sets that operate in California must meet the in-use performance standards (see compliance table below). Every California-based TRU and TRU generator set must be registered in Air Resources Board Equipment Registration (ARBER) and be labeled with a CARB Identi˜cation Number. All terminals that are located in California where TRUs are based must submit operator reports to CARB at arber.arb.ca.gov .TRU and TRU Generator Set Compliance Schedule Engine Model Year Low-Emission TRU (50% PM Reduction) Ultra-Low-Emission TRU (85% PM Reduction) 2001 or older December 31, 2009 December 31, 2015 2002 December 31, 2009 December 31, 2016 2003 December 31, 2010 December 31, 2017 2004 (<25 hp) December 31, 2011 December 31, 2018 2004 (>25 hp) Not Applicable December 31, 2011 2005 and newer Not Applicable December 31 st of the model year plus 7 years Fleets may comply by using Alternative Technologies (e.g. hybrid- electric TRUs or TRUs equipped with electric standby) or retro˜tting with a veri˜ed diesel particulate ˜lter. For guidance on using electric standby and hybrid-electric TRUs as an Alternative Technology compliance option, visit arb.ca.gov/diesel/tru/documents/guidance_ electricstandby_ets.pdf .All businesses that hire carriers (e.g. brokers, shippers and receivers) must only use carriers that supply compliant TRUs. Transport Refrigeration Unit Regulation Helpline 1-888-TRU-ATCM (1-888-878-2826) | arb.ca.gov/diesel/tru/tru.htm
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9Tractors & Box-type Trailers The Tractor-Trailer Greenhouse Gas Regulation applies to 53-foot or longer box-type trailers and 2013 MY or older heavy-duty tractors that pull these trailers. Low-Rolling Resistance Tire Requirements* Tractors Trailers 2013 and older MY Required Required 2014 and newer MY N/A Required * Must be SmartWayŽ-certi˜ed. Tractor Requirements All 2011 through 2013 MY sleeper-cab tractors must be SmartWayŽ designated models. 2014 MY or newer tractors are covered by a federal regulation and are exempt from this rule. Trailer Aerodynamic Requirements All tr ailers must be either SmartWayŽ- certi˜ed or aerodynamically retro˜tted to a minimum standard. Delays and ExemptionsCertain trucks subject to the Transportation Refrigeration Unit (TRU) rule can phase in tire and aerodynamic requirements from 2018 to 2020. This only applies to TRUs with 2003 to 2009 MY reefer trailers equipped with 2003 or newer TRU engines. Fleets must register to take advantage of short haul, local haul or storage trailer exemptions, and to apply for temporary use passes. For more information, visit arb.ca.gov/tractortrailer_ghg For a listing of SmartWayŽ-certi˜ed technologies, visit arb.ca.gov/cc/hdghg/technologies.htm
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10Other Diesel Programs CARB continues to actively enforce long-standing requirements for diesel vehicles including: Idling LimitsIdling Limits restrict diesel vehicles from idling more than ˜ve minutes. Idling in school zones is not allowed, with limited exceptions. arb.ca.gov/noidle Emission Control Labels Emission Control Labels must be af˜xed to engines of all commercial heavy-duty diesel vehicles, and must be legible as proof the engine, at minimum, meets U.S. federal emissions standards for the engine model year. Periodic Smoke Inspection Program The Periodic Smoke Inspection Program requires owners of California-based ˚eets of two or more diesel vehicles to perform annual smoke opacity tests and to keep records for at least two years for each vehicle. The requirement does not apply to cars or trucks that must undergo a Smog Check. Heavy-Duty Vehicle Inspection Program The Heavy-Duty Vehicle Inspection Program uses random roadside inspections to verify that diesel engines do not smoke excessively and are tamper-free. arb.ca.gov/enf/hdvip/hdvip.htm Public Fleets and OthersVehicles with a GVWR of 14,001+ lbs. that are owned by state and local government ˚eets, private utilities, and solid waste collection vehicles, must already have particulate matter (PM) ˜lters (retro˜t or originally equipped).
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