Neuroimaging Methods. 31. The third major scanner component is the radiofrequency (RF) transmit coil, which sends out brief pulses of RF energy,

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174mm 174mm 24mm Educational Neuroscience Edited by Denis Mareschal, Brian Butterworth, Andy Tolmie Educational Neuroscience Edited by Mareschal, Butterworth, Tolmie fiPeople involved in the theory and practice of education are urgently looking for insights from neuroscience. At last here is a source book that presents state of the art knowledge and re˜ects critically on how this knowledge can be used to improve teaching and learning. From language and maths to emotion and self-control, this volume offers inspiring reviews of studies that are the ˚rst fruits from a hopeful merger between education and neuroscience.fl Uta Frith, Emeritus Professor of Cognitive Development, UCL Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience In recent years, important strides have been made in realizing the potential of neuroscience to make meaningful contributions in the ˚eld of education. Educational Neuroscience presents a key reference source for students, educators, policy makers, and educational and developmental psychologists interested in bridging the gap between the biological basis of learning and the delivery of education in the classroom. An overview of the latest ˚nding in developmental cognitive neurosciences and their possible applications to education is provided, with individual chapters written collaboratively by educationalists, psychologists, and neuroscientists to ensure maximum clarity and relevance to a broad range of readers. Topics and themes include neuroscience and educational methodologies, language and mathematical development, literacy, and various skills associated with conceptual, social, and emotional development. Educational Neuroscience offers important insights into the current state of research ˚ndings related to the interactions between biological processes and education while paving the way to new frontiers and directions in learning and teaching. Denis Mareschal is Professor of Psychology at Birkbeck, University of London. He is the coeditor of The Making of Human Concepts (2010), the coauthor of Neuroconstructivism: How the Brain Constructs Cognition (2007), and the joint editor of Developmental Science (2004Œ2012). Brian Butterworth is Emeritus Professor of Cognitive Neuropsychology in the Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience at University College London, and founding chair of the London Centre for Education Neuroscience. He is the author of The Mathematical Brain (1999). Andy Tolmie is Chair of Psychology and Human Development and Dean of the Doctoral School at the Institute of Education, Deputy Director of the London Centre for Educational Neuroscience, and editor of the British Journal of Educational Psychology from (2007-2012). 250mm 17mm 17mm 17mm 17mm

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This edition first published 2013 © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd Registered Office John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, The Atrium, Southern Gate, Chichester, West Sussex, PO19 8SQ, UK Editorial Offices 350 Main Street, Malden, MA 02148Œ5020, USA 9600 Garsington Road, Oxford, OX4 2DQ, UK The Atrium, Southern Gate, Chichester, West Sussex, PO19 8SQ, UK For details of our global editorial offices, for customer services, and for information about how to apply for permission to reuse the copyright material in this book please see our website at The right of Denis Mareschal, Brian Butterworth, and Andy Tolmie to be identified as the authors of this work has been asserted in accordance with the UK Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, except as permitted by the UK Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988, without the prior permission of the publisher. Wiley also publishes its books in a variety of electronic formats. Some content that appears in print may not be available in electronic books. Designations used by companies to distinguish their products are often claimed as trademarks. All brand names and product names used in this book are trade names, service marks, trademarks, or registered trademarks of their respective owners. The publisher is not associated with any product or vendor mentioned in this book. Limit of Liability/Disclaimer of Warranty: While the publisher and author(s) have used their best efforts in preparing this book, they make no representations or warranties with respect to the accuracy or completeness of the contents of this book and specifically disclaim any implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. It is sold on the understanding that the publisher is not engaged in rendering professional services and neither the publisher nor the author shall be liable for damages arising herefrom. If professional advice or other expert assistance is required, the services of a competent professional should be sought. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Educational neuroscience / edited by Denis Mareschal, Brian Butterworth, Andy Tolmie. pages cm Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 978-1-119-97319-5 (cloth) Œ ISBN 978-1-118-72589-4 (pbk.) 1. Educational psychologyŒHandbooks, manuals, etc. 2. LearningŒPhysiological aspectsŒHandbooks, manuals, etc. 3. Cognitive neuroscienceŒHandbooks, manuals, etc. 4. NeurosciencesŒ Handbooks, manuals, etc. I. Mareschal, Denis, editor of compilation. II. Butterworth, Brian, editor of compilation. III. Tolmie, Andrew, editor of compilation. LB1051.E348 2013 370.15Œdc232013025391A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library. Cover image: the concept of learning process of children © VLADGRIN/Shutterstock Cover design by Cyan Design CEN Logo Designer: Storm Thorgerson at Stormstudios Set in 11/13.5pt Minion by SPi Publisher Services, Pondicherry, India 1 2014

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Contents List of Contributors ix Preface xi Foreword: Imaging the Future xiiMichael I. Posner 1. Introduction 1Brian Butterworth and Andy Tolmie 2. Neuroimaging Methods 13Frederic Dick, Sarah Lloyd-Fox, Anna Blasi, Clare Elwell, and Debbie Mills 3. Computational Modeling of Learning and Teaching 46Michael S. C. Thomas and Diana Laurillard 4. Genetics for Education 77Yulia Kovas, Sergei Malykh, and Stephen A. Petrill 5. Research Methods in Educational Psychology 110Andy Tolmie 6. Language Development 134Victoria Knowland and Chris Donlan 7. Literacy Development 172Liory Fern-Pollak and Jackie Masterson 8. Mathematical Development 201Brian Butterworth and Sashank Varma

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viii Contents 9. The Development and Application of Scientific Reasoning 237Jonathan Fugelsang and Denis Mareschal 10. Social Development 268Sarah-Jayne Blakemore, Kathrin Cohen Kadosh, Catherine L. Sebastian, Tobias Grossmann, and Mark H. Johnson 11. Emotional Development 297Alice Jones 12. Attention and Executive Control 325Michelle de Haan Afterword 349John T. Bruer Index 364

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List of Contributors Sarah-Jayne Blakemore , Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London Anna Blasi , Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, Birkbeck University of˜London John T. Bruer , James S. McDonnell Foundation Brian Butterworth , Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London Kathrin Cohen Kadosh , Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford Michelle de Haan , University College London Institute of Child Health Frederic Dick , Birkbeck/UCL Centre for NeuroImaging, Birkbeck University of London Chris Donlan , Division of Psychology and Language Sciences, University College London Clare Elwell , Department of Medical Physics and Bioengineering, University College London Liory Fern-Pollak , Centre for Cognition and NeuroImaging, Brunel University Jonathan Fugelsang , Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo Tobias Grossmann , Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive & Brain Sciences Mark H. Johnson , Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, Birkbeck University of London

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