economic, political and social systems of the dar al-Islam? a. Use your They created a new society by mixing elements from Arab, Persian, Greek, and Muhammad and his followers denied that the Ka’ba was the home of a deity, but they.
29 pages

237 KB – 29 Pages

PAGE – 1 ============
Adapted from Chapter 14 Œ Traditions & Encounters, Bentley & Ziegler Outcomes This Activity Guide will help you review the chronological concepts we practiced last week. Additionally, it will help you complete your model timeline. Outcomes Proficient Highly Proficient Student Mark Final Teacher Mark 2. Autonomously analyze and interpret new vocabulary words with our 3 vocabulary skills. Analyze and interpret new vocabulary words with word parts, context, and cognates with some helpful resources (dictionary, classmates). Autonomously analyze and interpret the meaning of new vocabulary terms encountered in complex text. Student relies on all three -vocabulary skills to make meaning. 10. Analyze and interpret documents to create claims with the Short Answer Process that declare and describe the expansion of Islam and the influence of cultural diffusion. Create thoughtful claims with the Short Answer Process to declare and describe the expansion of Islam as a result of cultural diffusion. Autonom ously create insightful claims with the Short Answer Process to declare and describe the expansion of Islam as a result of cultural diffusion. 11. Declare, describe and discuss the influence of Islamic values on economic, political and social structures . Develop a DDDT paragraph to demonstrate the influence of Islamic values in the economic, political and social systems of the Dar al -Islam. Autonomously develop insightful, analytical DDDT paragraph to demonstrate the influence of Islamic values in the e conomic, political and social systems of the Dar al -Islam. 12. Use the Task Analysis Process to synthesize and explain the combined effects of cultural diffusion on social, political, economic, and belief systems in a DBQ essay. Student uses the TAP to synthesize and explain the combined effects of cultural diffusion on social, political, economic and belief systems in a DBQ essay. Student autonomously uses the TAP to synthesize and explain the combined effects of cultural diffusion on social, political , economic and belief systems in a DBQ essay. 13. Apply the Multiple Choice Process to interpret and respond to Regents based multiple -choice questions. Student applies the MCP with at least 3/5 accuracy to meet our Regents MC benchmark of 30/50 (60%). Exceed our Regents benchmark by applying our MCP to achieve scores greater than 4/5 (90%). 1. Vocabulary Skills Image Context Definition The Hagia Sofia -Constantinople fiThe Hagia Sofia was once a grand Catholic Church in Constantinople, the capital of the eastern Roman Empire. Now it™s a grand mosque in Turkey™s capital, Istanbul. This image shows great examples of Cultural Diffusion Œ here cultur es combine to form something new. Can you see cultural diffusion here?fl Cultural Diffusion is.. Lexile Œ760L Œ 10.4 mean sentence length 1

PAGE – 2 ============
Adapted from Chapter 14 Œ Traditions & Encounters, Bentley & Ziegler 2. Listening with a purpose Œ How did Islam expand? What were the effects? Geography Political Economic Belief Systems Social Structure 3. Claim Writing & Predictions a. Make a prediction for what we might see. How might Islam influence the political, economic, and social systems of the dar al -Islam ? Create claims for each lens. Lexile Œ760L Œ 10.4 mean sentence length 2

PAGE – 3 ============
Adapted from Chapter 14 Œ Traditions & Encounters, Bentley & Ziegler 4. Extended Anticipatory Guide a. Respond to the Extended Anticipatory Guide prompts below by marking your opinion based on the statements. We will then use this task to help us take note of our reading passage. Claim Your Opinion Finding in the Text Text Evidence Agree Disagree Agree Disagree Provide text evidence that indicates whether or not the author agrees or disagrees with each statement. Lexile Œ760L Œ 10.4 mean sentence length 3

PAGE – 4 ============
Adapted from Chapter 14 Œ Traditions & Encounters, Bentley & Ziegler 5. Reading with a Purpose Œ How did Islam begin? How did it expand? How did Islamic values influence the economic, political and social systems of the dar al -Islam? a. Use your annotation strategies to analyze the text below. In 632 C.E. the prophet Muhammad traveled to his How do Princess Jamila™s actions reflect the 5 Pillars of home in Mecca . His journey was called the hajj. It set an Islam? example for Muslim people . The hajj brings hundreds of thousands Muslims to Saudi Arabia each year. Muslims travel to Mecca to make the pilgrimage and visit the holy sites of Islam. During the hajj , Muslim rulers and rich pilgrims made gifts to caravan companions. For example, t he Mesopotamian princess Jamila bint Nasir al -Dawla provided food and fresh green vegetables for her fellow pilgrims and provide camels for handicapped travelers. She also purchased freedom for many slaves . What do his torians call this? Most pilgrims do not have resources like Jamila. The hajj became a special occasion for most travelers . Merchants and craftsmen arranged business deals with pilgrims from other lands. Students and scholars exchanged ideas during their travels . Participation in traditional activities gave new meaning and significance to their faith. The word Islam means fisubmission.fl By submitting to God, a person must show obedienc e to the rule and will of Allah. Islam is strictly monotheistic because it worships only Lexile Œ760L Œ 10.4 mean sentence length 4

PAGE – 5 ============
Adapted from Chapter 14 Œ Traditions & Encounters, Bentley & Ziegler one deity . An individual who accepts the Islamic faith is a Muslim, meaning fione who has submitted.fl Islam began as one man™s expression of absolute faith in Allah . It quickly attracted followers and took on political , economic, social and religious significance. During the first century of the new faith™s existence, Islam reached far beyond the Arabian Peninsula. By the 700s C.E., the dar al-Islam stood next to the Byzantine Empire as a political and economic anchor of the postclassical wo rld . Islamic society was built on the nomadic and mercantile values of Arabian society. Muslims drew deep inspiration from other societies as well. After conquering the Sasanid dynasty , Muslim conquerors adopted Persian techniques of government and finance to rule their lands. Persian literature, science, and religious values also found a place in Islamic society. Their society was also inspired by Greek and Indian tradition. Muslims did not invent a new Islamic society . They created a new society by mixing elements from Arab, Persian, Greek, and Indian societies . Lexile Œ760L Œ 10.4 mean sentence length 5

PAGE – 6 ============
Adapted from Chapter 14 Œ Traditions & Encounters, Bentley & Ziegler A Prophet and his World (Economy and Geography) How values and systems diffuse between cultures to create a new society? Islam began in the Arabian Peninsula . The new belief system was influenced by Arabia™s culture, society and geography . Desert covers most of the peninsula . As a result, agriculture is possible only in the fertile area s in Yemen as well as Mecca . Despite the dry conditions, human communities have occupied Arabia for mil lennia. Nomadic peoples known as Bedouin keep herds of sheep, goats , and camels. They migrate through the deserts to find grass and water f or their animals. The Bedouin organized themselves in family and clan groups. Bedouin families depend heavily on thei r kinship networks for support in times of need. In an environment as harsh as the Arabian Desert , cooperation with kin makes the difference between death and survival. Clan identities are still important to Bedouin people . Lexile Œ760L Œ 10.4 mean sentence length 6

PAGE – 8 ============
Adapted from Chapter 14 Œ Traditions & Encounters, Bentley & Ziegler Jewish and Christian merchants. As a result, Muhammad had a basic understanding of both Christianity and Judaism. When he was nearly 40 years old , Muhammad experienced r evelations that changed his life. He learned through these experiences that there was only one true deity, Allah. He also learned that Allah ruled the universe, worship of other gods was evil , and that Allah would return to judge the good from the bad . Muhammad saw messages delivere d by the archangel Gabriel . Gabriel is also recognized as a messenger of god in Jewish and Christian scripture. Gabriel instructed Muhammad to explain his faith to others. Muhammad did not intend to create a new religion. Howe ver, he began to explain his faith to his friends and family. Gradually, his message interested others . An excited minority of Mecca™s societ y had joined Muhammad™s circle. At first, Muhammad recited what he learned in his revelations. As the Islamic com munity grew, his followers began to write down his teachings. Muslims compiled these written versions of Muhammad™s revelations. Then they put them in a sacred book as the Quran -the holy book of Islam. The Quran communicates Muhammad™s understanding of Allah in powerful terms. I t also serves as the authority for Islamic religious values and social organization. Lexile Œ760L Œ 10.4 mean sentence length 8

PAGE – 9 ============
Adapted from Chapter 14 Œ Traditions & Encounters, Bentley & Ziegler Muhammad™s Migration to Medina Muhammad™s teachings created conflict with powerful merchants in Mec ca. He offended polytheistic Arabs by insisting that Allah was the one true God . Muhammad™s teachings rejected the polytheistic deities and spirits. Muhammad™s attack represented an economic threat to those who owned and profited from the many shrines that attracted mer chants and pilgrims to Mecca. The best known of these shrines was a large black rock. The Ka™ba attracted worshippers from all over Arabia . This brought great profits to Mecca™s merchants. Muhammad condemned the pol ytheistic worship at the Ka™ba and other shri nes because they did not follow Allah™s messages . The leaders of Mecca persecute d the prophet and his followers. The persecution became so great that Muhammad and his followers had to leave Mecca . Muslims called their new ho me Medina fiCity of the Prophet.fl Known as the hijra (fimigrationfl), Muhammad™s move to Medina is the starting point of the Islamic calendar. Muhammad™s understanding of his religious mission expanded during his years in Medina. He began to refer to himself as a prophet . Muhammad accepted the authority of earlier Jewish and Christian prophets, including Abraham, Moses and Jesus. H e greatly respected the Hebrew Scriptures an d the Christian New Testament. He also accepted t he monotheistic ideas of Christianity and Judaism : Allah was the same omni potent, omni scient, omni present, deity as the Jew™s Yahweh and the Christians™ God. Muhammad was the messenger who communicated Allah™s wishes and his plan for the world to all human kind. Lexile Œ760L Œ 10.4 mean sentence length 9

PAGE – 10 ============
Adapted from Chapter 14 Œ Traditions & Encounters, Bentley & Ziegler Please use this Double Entry Journal to determine what we have learned about Muhammad . How did he change? What did he learn? Is he a God? Muhammad saw– Muhammad did– Muhammad thought– Muhammad™s actions– (list at least 3) Text quote that reveals Muhammad ™s thoughts– This quote reminds me of– Rainbow Claim Œ How did Muhammad develop and spread his faith in Allah ? Symbol that represents –. Image that represents – Lexile Œ760L Œ 10.4 mean sentence length 10

PAGE – 11 ============
Adapted from Chapter 14 Œ Traditions & Encounters, Bentley & Ziegler The Establishment of Islam in Arabia While in Medina, Muhammad and his followers planned their return to Mecca. In 630 C.E. they attacked Mecca and conquered the city. They forced the merchants to adopt Muhammad™s faith, and they created a government dedicated to Allah. They also destroyed the polytheistic shrines and replaced them with mosques. Only the Ka™ba remained . Muhammad and his followers denied that the Ka™ba was the home of a deity , but they preserved the black rock as a symbol of Mecca™s greatness. They allowed only the faithful to approach the shrine . In 632 Muhammad led the first Islamic pilgrimage to the Ka™ba . Muhammad and his followers launched campaigns against other towns and Bedouin clans . When the prophet Muhammad died in 632 C.E. most of Arabia was under his control. Muhammad™s faith and leadership shaped the values and the development of the Islamic community. the Islamic faith consists of obligations known as the Five Pillars of Islam : 1. Muslims must acknowledge Allah as the only god and Muhammad as his prophet. 2. They must pray to Allah daily while facing Mecca. 3. They must observe a fast during the d aylight hours of the month of Ramadan 4. They must contribute alms for the relief of the weak and poor. 5. Finally, in honor of Muhammad™s visits to Mecca in 629 and 632, those that are physically and financially able must undertake the hajj and make at least one pilgrimage to Mecca. Lexile Œ760L Œ 10.4 mean sentence length 11

237 KB – 29 Pages