finding affordable foods that offer good nutrition. You also want cnpp.usda/Publications/FoodPlans/2014/CostofFoodJan2014.pdf. • Consider

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®Shop Smart on a BudgetBank on the Basics The average American family spends about $150 a week on groceries. As food prices keep rising, smart shopping (for good nutrition on a budget) becomes more challenging. Smart shopping means knowing what to buy and when. The good news is, healthy eating can actually cost less. The key is knowing the basics before you go grocery shopping. Your goal is to choose foods that will help family members stay healthy Š without high cost. That means ˜nding affordable foods that offer good nutrition. You also want foods that are lower in sodium and not too high in calories. By creating a food budget, planning menus and shopping wisely, you can save money and enjoy delicious, nutritious meals!By following the tips in this booklet, you will be able to enjoy healthier food at more affordable prices. Happy shopping!Create Your Food Budget Smart shoppers don™t get that way by accident. They take time to educate themselves. Just like you™re doing now!To shop smarter, start with your family™s food basics and build a budget. Assess your current spending. How much do you spend on food each week? Make sure to include non-perishable foods and other items you need when cooking, like paper and cleaning products. If you eat meals out, include that cost to see your total spending on food. Subtract any food assistance you get. Multiply by 4 to ˜nd your monthly food budget. Your family size and the age of family members will affect your budget. If you™re not sure what your household food budget is, estimate it using this: . Consider how much you spend on food and compare this to your other expenses. Set spending priorities. When you shop, try to stick to your budget so you keep food costs in balance with other expenses.Track your spending each week. Writing down everything will help you budget more accurately. 1

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About SNAP SNAP stands for Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program. If you™re eligible for these bene˜ts, you can get a variety of healthy foods. Learn more about SNAP: Don™t get SNAP now but think you might be eligible? This pre-screening tool will help you learn more: If you can, check your SNAP bene˜t balance in your state before shopping: online-ebt-snap-accountsIf you™re eligible for SNAP, these are foods you can get for your family to eat: breads and cereals; fruits and vegetables; meats, ˜sh and poultry; dairy products; edible seeds and plants. Your youngest family members may have baby food, including infant formula, cereals, juices and baby food in boxes and jars. Healthy Eating Recommendations Think about your family. How you eat at home can have a big impact on your loved ones™ health. The American Heart Association™s Healthy Eating Recommendations are based on a 2,000-calorie diet. They™re a good guide for healthy eating. Here are some tips they include about different types of foods: Balance the number of calories you eat with those you burn. (This means don™t eat more calories than you need!) Balancing the calories you consume with what you use will help you maintain a healthy body weight. Eat a diet rich in fruits and vegetables. A typical adult should try to eat 4 to 5 servings of vegetables and 4 to 5 servings of fruits every day (a serving is about 1/2 to 2/3 cup). Fruits and vegetables provide plenty of vitamins, minerals and ˜ber without too many calories. Variety matters, so try a wide range of fruits and veggies. Choose whole grains and high-˜ber foods. (Eat three 1-oz. servings per day.) A diet rich in ˜ber helps manage your weight. Fiber keeps you feeling fuller longer, so you eat less. Eat ˜sh, especially oily ˜sh like salmon or albacore tuna, twice a week. Oily ˜sh contain omega-3 fatty acids, which help your heart stay healthy. Choose fats wisely. Eat less of the bad fats (saturated and trans fats) and replace them with better fats (monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats). Choose lean meats; select fat-free (skim), 1 percent and low-fat dairy products; and avoid hydrogenated fats (margarine, shortening, cooking oils and foods made from them). A person who needs 2,000 calories each day should consume less than 16 g saturated fat, less than 2 g trans fat and between 50 and 70 grams of total fat. Those are totals for one day. The daily limit for cholesterol is no more than 300 mg. 2Shop Smart on a Budget

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3 Limit the amount of added sugars you consume. Keep added sugars to no more than half of your daily discretionary calorie allowance. For most American women, this is no more than 100 calories per day. For men the limit is no more than 150 calories per day. (That™s about 6 teaspoons/day for women and 9 teaspoons/day for men.) Limit sugar-sweetened beverages to no more than 450 calories (36 oz.) per week. Eating too much sugar can lead to obesity and contribute to diabetes. Limit processed meat to no more than two servings per week. Processed meats include sandwich meat, sausage, bacon and hot dogs. These can be high in sodium and fat. Try to eat four servings a week of nuts, seeds or legumes (beans). These can be good sources of healthy fats, nutrients and/or ˜ber. Aim to eat less than 1,500 mg of sodium per day. This will help you and your family members maintain a healthy blood pressure. There are many ways to reduce sodium in your diet. Here are just a few suggestions: o Read food labels and choose the product with the lowest amount of sodium you can ˜nd in your store. o Look for foods labeled filow sodiumfl or fino salt added.fl o Drain and rinse canned vegetables to remove some of the sodium. Planning Your Meals Cooking at home may seem time-consuming. However, you can save time by being organized and prepared. You can save money, too! Use a calendar, and write in the meals for the week. If you know you™ll eat out during the week, note that on the calendar and estimate the cost in your budget. The Simple Cooking with Heart website has almost 100 heart-healthy options that are simple, quick and budget- friendly. It also has videos of many recipes and cooking skills. ( track of recipes your family likes. Note on the recipes if you had leftovers, and keep those meals in mind for your busiest weeks. Here are some guidelines to use in selecting recipes and making purchases. They™ll help you make healthier choices while staying on budget. Check the serving sizes on recipes and the Nutrition Facts labels on boxed or canned foods. Use the suggested serving size when portioning meals. This will help family members get the right amount of calories. It will also make meals go farther. Many recipes make enough servings for leftovers! Using frozen ˜sh and meats can make meal planning quick and easy. Canned tuna is a great source of protein; often you can save money by buying several cans. Be sure to trim fat from meat and remove skin from chicken before cooking. Try a meatless meal each week. Whole grains and beans are great sources of protein. They™re often more affordable and may require less work to prepare than meats or seafood.

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Planning Your Meals (continued) To make meals more fun, create theme nights. o Salad Night: Make your entrée a healthy bowl of greens. Toss in cooked skinless chicken breast pieces, nuts or seeds (with little or no salt) for protein. Use a wide variety of fresh veggies and dark green lettuce. Skip iceberg lettuce; it™s lower in nutrients. o Taco Night: Pile on the veggies and use whole-wheat or corn tortillas. Mix a little non-fat or low-fat Greek yogurt and lemon juice to make a healthier version of sour cream. o Homemade Pizza: Make a grilled pizza without cheese by loading veggies and some cooked, diced chicken onto a thin, whole-wheat crust. o Super Spuds: Pour vegetarian chili over baked potatoes for an easy meal. Plan to cook once and eat twice. This will save you money and time while ensuring you use up the foods you buy. You can make a variety of meals by using the same ingredients in different ways. Cook more at home and limit prepared or ready-made foods. They tend to be more expensive. They also usually contain more sugar, salt, fat and preservatives. Often they don™t last very long, either. Buy fruits and vegetables in season. Seasonal produce is the freshest and tastiest, and it™s more affordable. Carrots, potatoes and greens are versatile, readily-available vegetables. Bananas, grapes, apples and oranges are generally the most affordable fruits year-round. (For the best price, buy them in bulk, but don™t buy more than you can use before they spoil.) Many farmers™ markets accept SNAP Š see if yours does! o Shop your local farmers™ market. You™ll see the freshest foods and good prices. Looking at the produce will often give you ideas about what to cook. o Make casseroles, soups and other seasonal produce recipes when the ingredients are at their best, then freeze them. This will keep the meal tasting its best and give you a quick dinner on a busy night! Keep your fridge and pantry stocked with frozen and canned fruits and vegetables. They have lots of good nutrients without being too high in calories. Also, they won™t spoil. Compare food labels and choose the products with the lowest amount of sodium and added sugars. Package your own healthy snacks. Put cut-up veggies and fruits in portion-sized bags for easy, healthy snacking on the go. Make meals a family affair! Your kids will be more excited about eating when they™ve been involved. Teach kitchen basics by giving family members age-appropriate tasks like helping to make lists, cutting coupons, reading labels or unloading groceries. If you™re a parent who works late, older children and teens can also help get meals started if you leave basic instructions for them. Clip coupons. Keep circulars and check the front of your local grocery store for coupon displays. Cut out the coupons, and put them in an envelope to keep with you. 4Shop Smart on a Budget

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When You Shop When you™re at the store, stay focused. You™ve worked hard to stay on budget and choose healthy foodsŠ don™t let your work go to waste! Here are some things to keep in mind: Know the different types of grocery stores, and the prices they charge. A basic grocery store sells a wide selection of foods and basic household items. A supermarket is larger and stocks food along with clothing, electronics, and other household accessories. Many convenience stores are smaller stores (often connected to gas stations) that primarily offer pre-packaged snacks and candy. Specialty grocery stores and delis sell unique types of food but usually have less variety. Grocery stores and supermarkets tend to have the most affordable food prices. Visit a grocery store close to your home to make shopping as easy as possible. Get to know your grocery store aisles and shelves. Look for aisle markers to help you locate an item. Ask the staff to direct you to save time. Compare prices as you shop. Store-brand products may be more affordable. Sign up for club cards and online coupons when stores have them. You may get special savings alerts and discounts. Use coupons for food items you plan to buy. And compare prices! Having a coupon for an item doesn™t always mean that it™s the best deal. Look for whole-grain breads and cereals with less sodium and added sugars. Store-brand cereals are generally much more affordable. Choose fiold-fashionedfl grains, like oatmeal and rice, over instant. Choose non-fat or low-fat dairy products. Buy the largest container that your family can ˜nish before the expiration date. Buy in bulk when you can. It almost always saves money. Buy frozen or shelf stable products to get the most fibang for your buck.fl(Make sure you have enough room for bulk buys in your pantry or freezer before buying!) You can then freeze portions in individual serving sizes or as needed for future recipes. Buy only a week™s worth of fresh produce. And remember, canned or frozen can be cheaper and just as healthy. (Look for products with less sodium and added sugars.) Save your receipts. When you get home, compare what you spent to what you budgeted. Adjust your meal planning and budgeting, if needed. Know Your Labels and Dates Learning how to read and understand food packaging is key to knowing what™s in your food and how to best store and prepare it. The tips below tell how to quickly get the information you need when buying and cooking healthy meals for your family! The Nutrition Facts label (shown below) contains useful information. Use it at the store when comparing products and at home when portioning meals. Here™s what you need to know. Start here. Note the size of a single serving and how many servings are in the package. 6Shop Smart on a Budget

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® Check total calories per serving. Look at the serving size and how many servings you™re really consuming. If you double the servings you eat, you double the calories and nutrients, including the Percent Daily Value (% DV). Limit these nutrients. Limit your total fat to no more than 50-70 grams a day Š including no more than 16 grams of saturated fat and two grams of trans fat. Aim to eat less than 1,500 mg of sodium a day. (Based on a 2,000 calorie/day diet.) Get enough of these nutrients. Make sure you get 100 percent of the ˜ber, vitamins and other nutrients you need every day. Quick guide to % DV. The % DV section tells you the percent of each nutrient in a single serving, in terms of the daily recommended amount. As a guide, if you want to consume less of a nutrient (such as saturated fat, cholesterol or sodium), choose foods with a lower % DV Š 5 percent or less is low. If you want to consume more of a nutrient (such as ˜ber), seek foods with a higher % DV Š 20 percent or more is high.It™s also smart to look at dates on packages. Depending on which food you™re buying, the package date could be a recommendation on when it should be sold or when it should be eaten. fiSell byfl dates tell the store how long to keep the items on the shelves. Buy foods before the fisell byfl dates. A fiBest if Used By (or Before)fl date is recommended by the manufacturer for best ˚avor or quality. It™s not a purchase or safety date. It just tells when the product should be at its peak quality. If food is handled and stored properly, it will last longer. Don™t eat spoiled food. Remember: If in doubt, throw it out. It™s best to keep produce cool. Most fruits and vegetables will last longest if refrigerated. Onions, potatoes, hard squash, garlic, tomatoes and bananas can be stored on the counter top or in the pantry. Eggs, meats, poultry, ˜sh and most dairy products go bad quickly. Use these as quickly after buying them as you can, and be sure the foods are refrigerated or frozen according to the dates. Bread is stored best on the counter or frozen (keep 2-3 months if frozen). Freshly baked bread will go stale faster than store-bought bread. Organize your pantry items with dates in mind. Move items with dates that are about to pass toward the front of the shelf. This will remind you to use these items sooner. We hope the tips and tools provided in this guide will help you and your family enjoy healthier food and save money, too. For more resources about healthier eating, cooking, shopping and recipes, visit 7Calories 90 Calories from Fat 30 Protein 3g Sugars 3g Vitamin A 80% Vitamin C 60% Calcium 4% Iron 4% Dietary Fiber 3g 12% Saturated Fat 0.5g 3% Trans Fat 0.0g 0% Total Fat 3g 5% Total Carbohydrate 13g 4% Sodium 200mg 8% Cholesterol 0mg 0% Start here Check thetotal caloriesper servingLimit thesenutrientsGet enough ofthese nutrientsQuick Guide to% Daily Value: 5% or less is low20% or more is hight

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8This sample grocery list can help you make healthier choices when you shop. Add the quanity you need next to the items, and check if you have a coupon. Congratulations on planning to save time and money! Remember to compare labels and choose products with the lowest amount of sodium, added sugars, saturated fat and trans fat that you can ˜nd in your store. Fresh Vegetables Quantity Coupon Asparagus ____ Broccoli ____ Carrots ____ Cauli˚ower ____ Celery ____ Corn ____ Cucumbers ____ Lettuce/Greens ____ Onions ____ Peppers ____ Potatoes ____ Spinach ____ Squash ____ Sweet potatoes ____ Tomatoes ____ Zucchini ____ ____________________ ____ ____________________ ____ Fresh Fruits Quantity CouponApples ____ Avocados ____ Bananas ____ Berries ____ Cherries ____ Grapefruit ____ Grapes ____ Kiwis ____ Lemons/Limes ____ Melon ____ Oranges ____ Peaches ____ Pears ____ Plums ____ ____________________ ____ ____________________ ____ Canned/Dry Beans Quantity Coupon Black beans ____ Chickpeas ____ Kidney beans ____ Lima beans ____ Pinto beans ____ White beans ____ ____________________ ____ ____________________ ____ Frozen Vegetables Quantity Coupon Broccoli ____ Cauli˚ower ____ Corn ____ Green beans ____ Mixed vegetables ____ Spinach ____ ____________________ ____ ____________________ ____ Frozen Fruits Quantity Coupon Berries ____ Cherries ____ Mixed fruit ____ Peaches ____ ____________________ ____ ____________________ ____ Canned Vegetables Quantity Coupon Corn ____ Green beans ____ Mixed vegetables ____ Peas ____ Tomatoes ____ Tomato paste/sauce ____ Yams ____ ____________________ ____ ____________________ ____ Canned/Jarred/ Dried Fruits Quantity Coupon Apple sauce ____ Apricots ____ Dates ____ Mixed fruit ____ Oranges ____ Peaches ____ Pineapple ____ Prunes ____ Raisins ____ ____________________ ____ ____________________ ____ Shop Smart on a Budget

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®9Whole Grains Quantity Coupon Bread ____ Brown rice ____ Cereal ____ Couscous ____ Oatmeal ____ Pasta ____ Quinoa ____ Tortillas ____ ____________________ ____ ____________________ ____ Fresh/Frozen Meat & Seafood Quantity Coupon Chicken breasts ____ Lean ground beef/turkey ____ Lunch meats ____ Salmon ____ White ˜sh ˜llets ____ ____________________ ____ ____________________ ____ Canned/Pouched Meat & Seafood Quantity Coupon Chicken ____ Salmon ____ Tuna ____ ____________________ ____ ____________________ ____ Pantry Staples Quantity Coupon Nut butters (peanut, almond) ____ Nuts (almonds, walnuts) ____ Salsa ____ Soups and broths ____ Spaghetti sauce ____ ____________________ ____ ____________________ ____ Cooking/Baking Essentials Quantity Coupon Extra Virgin Olive Oil ____ Flour (whole wheat) ____ Non-stick cooking spray ____ Vegetable/canola oil ____ Vinegars ____ ____________________ ____ ____________________ ____ Herbs/Spices & Seasonings Quantity Coupon Basil ____ Cilantro ____ Garlic ____ Mint ____ Parsley ____ Pepper (black, cayenne, red) ____ Salt-free seasoning blend ____ ____________________ ____ ____________________ ____ Dairy (Low-fat/Fat-free) Quantity Coupon Cheese ____ Eggs/egg whites ____ Milk ____ Yogurt ____ ____________________ ____ ____________________ ____ Cleaning Supplies & Miscellaneous Quantity Coupon ____________________ ____ ____________________ ____ ____________________ ____ ____________________ ____ ____________________ ____

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